Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is possible that we English took the pattern similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century These are rather uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from muske pidzame conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, once in a while, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.